Virginia

Landlord and Tenant Issues

Know Your Rights

  • Forms to help with issues with your landlord

    You can use this program to create letters to your landlord if you feel you are living in unsafe conditions, if you are in danger of being evicted or if your landlord failed to return your security deposit. Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Poverty Law Center
  • Let us know your thoughts on the online program you just used!

    This short survey will help us serve you better as we continue to improve our interactive programs. Please take a few minutes to let you know what you thought about the online program you just completed. Content Detail

  • Model Lease word

    This Model Lease is intended for use by residential landlords and tenants. If you are considering using this lease, you should read all of the paragraphs of the lease and make sure you understand and agree with the terms they discuss. Once it is signed by both the landlord and the tenant, the lease is a legally binding contract. If you have any questions about anything in this lease, you should talk to an attorney about the lease before you sign it. Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Poverty Law Center
  • Your Rights as a Tenant PDF

    Under Virginia Law, tenants have certain rights when they move in, while they are renting, and before they can be evicted. The specific rights you have depend on whether or not your tenancy is covered by the Virginia Residential Landlord and Tenant Act (VRLTA). You are covered by the VRLTA if you live in an apartment building or in any type of multi-family housing. Multi-family housing means you share heating, hot water, entry and exit, or some other service with another unit in the same building. You also are covered if you live in a single family house and your landlord rents out more than ten single-family homes in a county or more than four single-family homes in a city. Throughout this handout we will tell you what general rights you have as a tenant and specify if there are any differences depending on whether you are covered by the VRLTA. If you are not covered by the VRLTA, there may be other laws that give you certain rights and protections. Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc.
  • National Mortgage Settlement: What You Need to Know PDF

    It will take six to nine months for administrators of the National Mortgage Settlement to start contacting claimants and distributing benefits. In the meantime, scammers are trying to make money by falsely claiming to have an inside track to mortgage relief. Ignore the scammers and educate yourself about what to expect. Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Poverty Law Center
  • Federally Subsidized Housing-Tenant-Based PDF

    Federally subsidized housing means that the government pays part or all of your rent. The part of your rent the government pays is called the “subsidy.” There are two types of federally subsidized housing. In one type, the subsidy is tied to the tenant. This is called “tenant-based assistance.” In the other type, the subsidy is tied to the housing unit. This is called “unit-based assistance.” This article is about tenant-based assisted housing. Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc.
  • Virginia’s Early Lease Termination Law for Domestic and Sexual Violence Victims

    Virginia’s new early lease termination law provides certain victims of family abuse, sexual abuse and sexual assault the right to terminate their residential leases. Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Poverty Law Center
  • Know Your Rights: A Guide for Tenants Renting in the State of Virginia PDF

    Under Virginia Law, tenants have certain rights when they move in, while they are renting, and before they can be evicted. The specific rights you have depend on whether or not your tenancy is covered by the Virginia Residential Landlord and Tenant Act (VRLTA). You are covered by the VRLTA if you live in an apartment building or in any type of multi-family housing. Multi-family housing means you share heating, hot water, entry and exit, or some other service with another unit in the same building. You also are covered if you live in a single family house and your landlord rents out more than ten single-family homes in a county or more than four single-family homes in a city. Throughout this handout we will tell you what general rights you have as a tenant and specify if there are any differences depending on whether you are covered by the VRLTA. Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc.
  • Eviction by the Sheriff (Writ of Possession) PDF

    You do not have to move simply because a landlord says so orally or in writing, or files a Summons for Unlawful Detainer in court. However, if your landlord gives you proper written notice, files a Summons for Unlawful Detainer, goes to a court hearing, gets an Order of Possession from the court, and gets a “Writ of Possession” from the court, you almost certainly will have to move. Content Detail

    By:
    Central Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc.
  • Evictions (including Lockouts and Utility Shutoffs) PDF

    Every tenant has the legal right to live in rental housing unless and until the landlord follows the legal process for eviction. This document has information about your rights regarding eviction. Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc.
    Read this in:
    Spanish / Español
  • Questions and Answers about Security Deposits PDF

    This pamphlet contains general information about your rights. Consult a lawyer if you have specific questions. Content Detail

    By:
    Blue Ridge Legal Services, Inc.
  • Security Deposits PDF

    A security deposit is money that the landlord collects from the tenant to pay for uncollected rent and late fees, and to pay for the expense of making repairs if the tenant leaves the property without making repairs. The security deposit cannot be used for any other purpose. The security deposit may not exceed two months rent. This article contains information regarding security deposits for rental properties. Content Detail

    By:
    Central Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc.
  • What Happens If I Am Late On My Rent?

    What happens if I am late on my rent? Read More

    By:
    Virginia Poverty Law Center
  • New Protection for Virginians with Serious Medical Conditions PDF

    Virginia utility customers who have a serious medical condition, or who share a household with a family member with a serious medical condition, now can get a reprieve from cutoffs when they cannot pay their water or electricity bills on time. Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Poverty Law Center