VALegalAid.orgVirginia

Landlord and Tenant Issues

Know Your Rights

  • BASIC VIRGINIA LANDLORD-TENANT LAW

    This pdf presentation will provide an overview of the basics of Virginia Landlord-Tenant law. Content Detail

    By:
    Central Virginia Legal Aid Society -Richmond Branch
  • Bed Bugs in Rental Housing

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    By:
    Central Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc.
  • Can My Landlord Bar My Guest From My Rental Property?

    A landlord can keep your guest from coming to the house or apartment that you rent if that person breaks the rules in the lease or breaks the law. This applies to rental properties covered by the Virginia Residential Landlord Tenant Act (VRLTA) and to mobile home parks covered by the Manufactured Home Lot Rental Act (MHLRA). Read More

    By:
    Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc.
  • Eviction by the Sheriff (Writ of Eviction)

    You do not have to move simply because a landlord says so orally or in writing, or files a Summons for Unlawful Detainer in court. However, if your landlord gives you proper written notice, files a Summons for Unlawful Detainer, goes to a court hearing, gets an Order of Possession from the court, and gets a “Writ of Possession” from the court, you almost certainly will have to move. Content Detail

    By:
    Central Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc.
  • Evictions (including Lockouts and Utility Shutoffs)

    Every tenant has the legal right to remain in their rental housing unless and until the landlord follows the legal process for eviction. The process depends on whether your rental housing is covered by the Virginia Residential Landlord Tenant Act (VRLTA). Generally speaking, the Virginia Residential Landlord Tenant Act, or VRLTA, applies to apartment complexes, regardless of the number of apartments; single-family houses, if the landlord rents out more than two of them; and hotels, motels, or boarding houses if the tenant has been renting for more than 90 days or has a written lease for more than 90 days. If your rental is not covered by the VRLTA, there may be other state laws that apply to your situation. If you do not know which law applies, you should seek advice from an attorney. Read More

    By:
    Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc.
    Read this in:
    Spanish / Español
  • Evictions (including Lockouts and Utility Shutoffs) - Additional Resource - PDF Document

    Every tenant has the legal right to live in rental housing unless and until the landlord follows the legal process for eviction. You are a tenant if you pay regular amounts of rent during regular time periods, such as once a month or once a week. You also are a tenant if you have lived in a hotel or motel for more than 90 days, or you are subject to a written lease for a period of more than 90 days. You are not a tenant if you have lived in a hotel or motel for less than 90 days. In this case, the only legal right you have is to receive a five day “pay or quit” notice before your landlord evicts you by self-help without going to court. The following pdf document provides questions and answers about what to do about eviction issues, including lockouts and utility shutoffs. Content Detail

    By:
    Central Virginia Legal Aid Society -Richmond Branch
  • Fair Housing

    Generally, a landlord may rent or refuse to rent for any reason at all – good reason, bad reason, or no reason – as long as it is not a prohibited reason. However, there are exceptions to this rule if you are in a protected class covered by the Fair Housing Law. This document contains information on the Fair Housing Law. Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc.
    Read this in:
    Spanish / Español
  • Federally Subsidized Housing-Tenant-Based

    Federally subsidized housing means that the government pays part or all of your rent. The part of your rent the government pays is called the “subsidy.” There are two types of federally subsidized housing. In one type, the subsidy is tied to the tenant. This is called “tenant-based assistance.” In the other type, the subsidy is tied to the housing unit. This is called “unit-based assistance.” This article is about tenant-based assisted housing. Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc.
  • Forms to help with issues with your landlord

    You can use this program to create letters to your landlord if you feel you are living in unsafe conditions, if you are in danger of being evicted or if your landlord failed to return your security deposit. Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Poverty Law Center
  • Getting Repairs

    You have the legal right to live in a home that is safe and healthy. You must follow the law to get bad rental housing repaired. To fix problems that make a home unsafe, the law divides the duties between the landlord and the tenant. You are a tenant if you pay regular amounts of rent during regular time periods, such as once a month or once a week. You also are a tenant if you have lived in a hotel or motel for more than 90 days, or you are subject to a written lease for a period of more than 90 days. Read More

    By:
    Central Virginia Legal Aid Society -Richmond Branch
  • Housing Opportunities Made Equal (H.O.M.E.)

    HOME in a non-profit organization that seeks to ensure equal access to housing for all people. Content Detail

  • Know Your Rights: A Guide for Tenants Renting in the State of Virginia

    Under Virginia Law, tenants have certain rights when they move in, while they are renting, and before they can be evicted. The specific rights you have depend on whether or not your tenancy is covered by the Virginia Residential Landlord and Tenant Act (VRLTA). You are covered by the VRLTA if you live in an apartment building or in any type of multi-family housing. Multi-family housing means you share heating, hot water, entry and exit, or some other service with another unit in the same building. You also are covered if you live in a single family house and your landlord rents out more than ten single-family homes in a county or more than four single-family homes in a city. Throughout this handout we will tell you what general rights you have as a tenant and specify if there are any differences depending on whether you are covered by the VRLTA. Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc.
  • Know Your Rights: A Guide for Tenants Renting in the State of Virginia Introduction - PDF Document

    Under Virginia law, tenants have certain rights when they move in, while they are renting, and before they can be evicted. You are a tenant if you pay regular amounts of rent during regular time periods, such as once a month or once a week. You also are a tenant if you have lived in a hotel or motel for more than 90 days, or you are subject to a written lease for a period of more than 90 days. You are not a tenant if you have lived in a hotel or motel for less than 90 days. In this case, the only legal right you have is to receive a five day “pay or quit” notice before your landlord evicts you by self-help without going to court. Download this pdf sheet to learn more about your rights as a tenant. Content Detail

    By:
    Central Virginia Legal Aid Society -Richmond Branch
  • Let us know your thoughts on the online program you just used!

    This short survey will help us serve you better as we continue to improve our interactive programs. Please take a few minutes to let you know what you thought about the online program you just completed. Content Detail

  • Model Lease

    This Model Lease is intended for use by residential landlords and tenants. If you are considering using this lease, you should read all of the paragraphs of the lease and make sure you understand and agree with the terms they discuss. Once it is signed by both the landlord and the tenant, the lease is a legally binding contract. If you have any questions about anything in this lease, you should talk to an attorney about the lease before you sign it. Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Poverty Law Center