VALegalAid.orgVirginia

Landlord and Tenant Issues

Know Your Rights

  • 7 NEW LAWS THAT ARE MORE FAIR, FAVORABLE & FRIENDLY TO TENANTS - PDF Document

    Starting July 1, 2019, seven new laws will take effect in Virginia. All seven are more fair, favorable and friendly to tenants. They all were passed as a response to the high rate of evictions in Virginia, which are more than two times the national average. In many cities in Virginia, evictions are more than four times the national average. The following pdf provides the seven new laws in more detail. Read More

    By:
    Central Virginia Legal Aid Society -Richmond Branch
  • New Protection for Virginians with Serious Medical Conditions

    Virginia utility customers who have a serious medical condition, or who share a household with a family member with a serious medical condition, now can get a reprieve from cutoffs when they cannot pay their water or electricity bills on time. Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Poverty Law Center
  • Public Utilities

    Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc.
  • Questions and Answers about Security Deposits

    This pamphlet contains general information about your rights. Consult a lawyer if you have specific questions. Content Detail

    By:
    Blue Ridge Legal Services, Inc.
  • Repairs and Maintenance of Rental Property

    You have the legal right to live in a home that is safe and healthy. You must follow the law to get bad rental housing repaired. To fix problems that make a home unsafe, the law divides the duties between the landlord and the tenant. How these duties are divided depends on whether your rental housing is covered by the Virginia Residential Landlord Tenant Act (VRLTA). Generally speaking, the VRLTA applies to apartment complexes, regardless of the number of apartments; single-family houses if the landlord rents out more than two of them; and hotels, motels, or boarding houses if the tenant has been renting for more than 90 days or has a written lease for more than 90 days. If your rental is not covered by the VRLTA, there may be other state laws that apply to your situation. If you do not know which law applies, you should seek advice from an attorney. Read More

    By:
    Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc.
  • Security Deposits

    One of the first costs that you have when you move into a new home, apartment or trailer park is a security deposit. This is money paid to the landlord to protect the landlord in case you cause any damages to the property or in case there is rent due when you move out. Sometimes you may be charged an extra deposit if you have a pet. The following information deals with security deposits where the landlord is covered by the Virginia Residential Landlord Tenant Act (VRLTA) or the Manufactured Home Lot Rental Act (MHLRA). Generally speaking, the Virginia Residential Landlord Tenant Act, or VRLTA, applies to apartment complexes, regardless of the number of apartments; single-family houses, if the landlord rents out more than two of them; and hotels, motels, or boarding houses if the tenant has been renting for more than 90 days or has a written lease for more than 90 days. If your rental is not covered by the VRLTA, there may be other state laws that apply to your situation. If you do not know which law applies, you should seek advice from an attorney. Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc.
  • Security Deposits

    Under Virginia law, landlords and tenants must follow specific rules about security deposits. You are a tenant if you pay regular amounts of rent during regular time periods, such as once a month or once a week. You also are a tenant if you have lived in a hotel or motel for more than 90 days, or you are subject to a written lease for a period of more than 90 days. Read More

    By:
    Central Virginia Legal Aid Society -Richmond Branch
  • Senior Citizen's Handbook

    Click above to get more information about this topic from the Senior Citizen Handbook created by the Virginia State Bar. Content Detail

  • Tenant’s Right to Prevent Eviction for Non-payment of Rent by Redemption, Redemption Tender, or Extended Redemption

    If your landlord wants to evict you for not paying rent, the landlord must give you a written notice to either move or pay rent in 5 days. If you pay the rent in 5 days, you get to stay. If you do not pay, the landlord can start an unlawful detainer action (an eviction) in General District Court (GDC) by filing a Summons for Unlawful Detainer. You do not have to move just because your landlord has given a written notice, or because your landlord has filed in court. If the court finds you do owe rent, you can be evicted. However, you may be able to prevent eviction by paying all amounts owed, or by offering to pay all amounts owed, if there are no other reasons stated for eviction. Read More

    By:
    Central Virginia Legal Aid Society -Richmond Branch
  • Virginia Fair Housing Office

    This link directs you to the Virginia Fair Housing Office's website. Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Poverty Law Center
  • Virginia Housing Directory

    Listing of housing resources that is specific to the area a person lives. Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Housing Development Authority
  • Virginia’s Early Lease Termination Law for Domestic and Sexual Violence Victims

    Virginia’s new early lease termination law provides certain victims of family abuse, sexual abuse and sexual assault the right to terminate their residential leases. Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Poverty Law Center
  • What Happens If I Am Late On My Rent?

    What happens if I am late on my rent? Read More

    By:
    Virginia Poverty Law Center
  • What Happens if my Rental Housing is Destroyed?

    This article describes your rights if your rental housing is destroyed by fire or other casualty. Content Detail

    By:
    Central Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc.
  • Your Rights as a Tenant

    Under Virginia Law, tenants have certain rights when they move in, while they are renting, and before they can be evicted. The specific rights you have depend on whether or not your tenancy is covered by the Virginia Residential Landlord and Tenant Act (VRLTA). You are covered by the VRLTA if you live in an apartment building or in any type of multi-family housing. Multi-family housing means you share heating, hot water, entry and exit, or some other service with another unit in the same building. You also are covered if you live in a single family house and your landlord rents out more than ten single-family homes in a county or more than four single-family homes in a city. Throughout this handout we will tell you what general rights you have as a tenant and specify if there are any differences depending on whether you are covered by the VRLTA. If you are not covered by the VRLTA, there may be other laws that give you certain rights and protections. Content Detail

    By:
    Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc.